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Like many middle-to-upper-class men of his time, Richard Blair served the British Empire in its most prized and lucrative colony. After their marriage, the couple lived in Bengal for eight years, where they had two children: Marjorie born and Eric.
One year after Eric's birth, Ida moved back to England. For the next eight years, Eric would see his father for only three months induring one of his leaves. A third child, Avril, was born in Richard did not see his youngest child until his return to England when he retired from the Opium Department in Eric spent his early boyhood in Henley, Oxfordshire, where he was an admittedly "chubby boy" who enjoyed walks in the Oxfordshire countryside.
During this time, he began to vaguely understand his family's need to spend money to "keep up appearances" and the differences between members of different social classes: A friendship with a plumber's daughter was broken by his mother because she found the girl "too common.
In the summer ofEric entered into the defining phase of his childhood when he was admitted to St.
Cyprian's, a preparatory school in Eastbourne with a reputation for readying boys for notable "public" that is, private schools. He began his first term there in and, until he left it five years later, almost wholly dreaded and hated the experience.
He was humiliated as a bed wetter, forced to memorize streams of dates and names, mocked by the wealthier boys, and led to believe that in his own words"[l]ife was more terrible, and I was more wicked, than I had imagined.
His years at St. Cyprian's are described at length in his essay, "Such, Such, Were the Joys … "and a reader of the essay can see that it was at St. Cyprian's that Orwell began to truly recognize the ways in which the strong belittle, control, and terrorize the weak — an idea that would later inform his political views and two most renowned novels, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Although Orwell did enjoy some of his time at St. Cyprians collecting butterflies, for examplehe yearned for the escape he finally achieved when his impressive grades earned him a scholarship at Wellington College, where he went in After spending only nine weeks at Wellington, however, Eric learned that he had been accepted to Eton — one of the nation's most prestigious schools — as a King's Scholar, whose education was almost entirely paid for by a scholarship.
Eric's grades at Eton were unimpressive, although he did read a great deal, especially modern writers like Jack London, H. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw, who undoubtedly helped Eric shape his growing social consciousness.
Eton was also the place where Eric began to write seriously, although what remains from this period is largely juvenilia. In December ofEric graduated from Eton, and although many Eton boys continued their studies at Oxford or Cambridge, Eric's marks were too low for him to receive a scholarship.
His father understandably refused to pay for more schooling if Eric was not prepared to perform. Facing an undecided future, the year-old Eric Blair made a decision that would heighten his awareness of politics and the abuses of power done in the name of goodness and moral virtue.
Officer and Tramp If Eric could not become a scholar, he knew that he had a good chance at becoming a servant of the Empire which had employed his father for 30 years.
He announced to his parents that he wanted to become a police officer in India, and they approved.
Inspired by the status of the position, the good wages he would earn, and perhaps by a desire to see remote parts of the world, Orwell took and passed the admission test for the Imperial Police.
When asked to name the Indian province to which he would most like to be assigned, Eric requested Burma — a shocking answer for a man his age, since Burma was an often lawless place, high on crime but low on comforts. He had little experience as a soldier save for the Officer Training Corps at Eton and none in a police force.
There was also a great amount of tension in Burma between the British and Indian populations.George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair). All his novels, essays, articles, reviews, bibliography and biography. Huge Orwell's photos gallery. The most valuable resource about the famous English writer George Orwell in English and Russian languages.
Biography of George Orwell Biography Eric Blair was born in in Motihari, Bengal, in the then British colony of India, where his father, Richard, worked for the Opium Department of the Civil Service. George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, born in in Motihari, Bengal, India, during the time of the British colonial rule.
Young Orwell was brought to England by his mother and educated in Henley and Sussex at schools. A Biography of George Orwell “Men can only be happy when they do not assume that the object of life is happiness.” Real Name—Eric Arthur Blair •Lived •Born in India George Orwell, the surname being taken from an English A.
village C. river C. moor D. pub. George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair). All his novels, essays, articles, reviews, bibliography and biography. Huge Orwell's photos gallery. The most valuable resource about the famous English writer George Orwell in English and Russian languages.
Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on 25 June in eastern India, the son of a British colonial civil servant. He was educated in England and, after he left Eton, joined the Indian Imperial.