Download Essay Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. It is a policy that promotes the rights of landless Filipino farmers and farm workers.
Background[ edit ] The agrarian reform is part of the long history of attempts of land reform in the Philippines. Aquino through Presidential Proclamation and Executive Order on June 22, and it was enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines and signed by Aquino on June 10, Inwhich was the year that it was scheduled to be completed, the Congress enacted Republic Act No.
It extended the deadline of distributing agricultural lands to the farmers for an additional five years. This law also amends other provisions and regulations formerly stated in the CARP.
It was signed into law on August 7, and was set to be accomplished by the year The specific problem is: The Land Tenure Improvement is highly recognized as the most integral aspect of the program. This component seeks to secure the tenurial status of the farmers and farmworkers.
The Land Acquisition and Distribution involves the redistribution of private and government-owned land to landless farmers and farm workers. Under Section 6 of RA Section 16 of RA as amended regarding Land Acquisition, the DAR identifies lands that are eligible for distribution under the CARP with accordance to the law, acquires the land by delivering a notice containing the offer with its corresponding value to the owner should he choose to accept the payment.
Following the acquisition of lands under Section 11 of RA Section 26 of RA as amended the DAR distributes these to the qualified beneficiaries, who then pay for the land through the Land Bank of the Philippines or directly to their former owners. Out of the total land, 6.
Under this component, the DAR mediates between the landowners and tenants so that their share tenancy arrangement could be turned into a leasehold agreement, whereby the beneficiaries will pay a fixed fee based on their own historical production records instead of paying a large percentage share of their produce to the landowner.
It aims to aid the agrarian reform beneficiaries by providing them necessary support services to make their lands more productive, and enable them to venture in income generating livelihood projects in accordance to Section 14 of RA Section 37 of RA as amended.
Under Section 19 of RA Section 50 of RA as amendedthe DAR is hereby vested with the primary jurisdiction to determine and adjudicate agrarian reform matters and shall have exclusive original jurisdiction over all matters involving the implementation of agrarian reform except those falling under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture DA and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources DENR.
In addition to this, with a population growth of 2. In terms of landlessness, the number of landless agricultural families rose up from 5 million to Out of these On June 10,Republic Act No. Although it was still a product of adherence to democratic principles, this law was found to have many flaws.
Because of much dissatisfaction with the agrarian reform law, proposals from peasant groups and non-government organizations grew in order to implement an alternative program that was more advantageous to them. However, this did not succeed. CARP recognizes not only farmers but all landless workers as beneficiaries with the condition that they cultivate the land.
Aside from the land distribution, it also provides the delivery of support services and security to the farmers. Under the Aquino administration, a total oflandless tenants and farmers became recipients of land titles and support services.
Even with this, it can be considered unsuccessful because it only accomplished This was due to the fact that Aquino assigned 4 different DAR secretaries. Land reform under Ramos administration — [ edit ] The policies on agrarian reform under the Ramos administration focused on accelerating the direct land transfer and non-land transfer through adopting more rational, fair and inexpensive settlements.
It encouraged landowners to invest in rural-based industries that are connected to agriculture. Salaries of workers and members of DAR board were increased to motivate them for more successful results as well. The target land to be given to farmer beneficiaries under this Administration was 3.
It achieved more than double the output of the Aquino administration. However, controversies were unavoidable as they encountered landlords openly harassing peasants with guns and forcing them out of the lands.
Land reform under Estrada administration — [ edit ] This administration focused on fast tracking land acquisition and distribution.
It encouraged joint ventures, corporative, contact farming and other marketing arrangements to protect the status of stakeholders and promotion of agri-industrialization.
Estrada highlighted that there was a need to conceptualize new approaches in doing things to build a new social agreement where producers, government and private sectors work with a common goal.
The program encountered some problems such as strong landowners' resistance. Tenants also complained on the limited amount of fund allocation provided by the government for the project.Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of , also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas.
Bulatlat Contributors July 27, 1 Comment carper, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), Department of Agrarian Reform, Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill (GARB), Rafael Mariano. Thirty years under a sham agrarian reform program and one year under a progressive agrarian reform chief.
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) In , the government launched the CARP through Republic Act (RA) , seeking the distribution of some 10M hectares of agricultural lands to farmers and regular farm workers.
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) has as its primary objectives both the improvement of equality and the increase in productivity and growth in the rural areas.
It was a land reform law mandated by Republic Act No. , signed by President Corazon Aquino in June 10, The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was introduced almost three decades ago with the approval of Republic Act No.
(RA ), also known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) of The program is an expanded version of previous land reform programs in the country beginning the mids. - This Act shall be known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of SECTION 2. Declaration of Principles and Policies.
- It is the policy of the State to pursue a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP).