Students, in particular, are coerced and pressured into writing out elaborate academic papers, both in the word count they demand and in the sort of thought process and celebration they necessitate. The accurate formatting and citing of the paper are of paramount importance, as once students integrate such habits into their writing, they therefore instantaneously abolish the imprints and keynotes of intellectual laziness, nebulous thinking, and half-baked writing.
Harvard referencing Reference list vs. Bibliography In the Harvard style, references are listed at the end of your work, and are organised alphabetically by the surname of the author.
A reference list includes all works that have been referred to in the assignment. A bibliography includes all the material consulted in writing your assignment Harvard referencing guide if you have not cited them within it. Many people use these terms interchangeably so, if you are unsure about whether you need to include a bibliography as well as a reference list, ask your tutor.
Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources. Referencing in the Harvard style is a two—part process: Citation in the text: Sources are cited within the body of your assignment by giving the name of the author s followed by the date of Harvard referencing guide.
All other details about the publication are given in the list of references or bibliography at the end. Smith or Smith Citations which are used with direct quotations, or are referring to a particular part of a source, should include the page number in your citation e.
If a citation does not have page numbers, then you would use the number of the paragraph if available e. Climate change can refer to local, regional, and global changes in weather Met Office,para.
If the paragraph number is not available, then you may direct the reader to a specific section of the item, and then the number of the paragraph e. Using the factor command can GaubatzGenerating Factors, para.
If the name of the section is long, you may use the first few words of the section in quotation marks, e. The value of numbers needs to be random Gaubatz"Random Numbers and Generating" section, para. Tips for citing If the author s name appears in the text as part of the body of the assignment, then the year will follow in round brackets, e.
According to Smith If the author s name does not appear in the body of the text, then the name and date should follow in round brackets, e.
The terminology has been called into question when it was discovered If more than one of your citations has the same author and year of publication, then you should distinguish between them by using a lower—case letter following the year, e.
It was discovered that Smith athis was supported by Some authors have the same surname and works published in the same year, if this is the case use their initial to distinguish between them, e.
When looking at the average income it was found that However, it was also discovered that In some instances you may need to cite more than one piece of work for an idea.
If this occurs, you should separate the references with a semicolon and cite them in chronological order, e. This point has been shown by numerous authors Jones ; Smith When citing in-text, include the name of up to three authors, if there are more than three authors for the work you are citing then use the name of the first author followed by "et al.
This was shown to be the case when Taylor et al Or, the study shows For items where the author is a corporation, cite the name of the corporation in full e. Birdwatching in the woods Woodland Trustunless their abbreviation is well—known e. The governance of the network The literature suggests that If the year of publication is not given, but can be established, it should be supplied.
If the exact date is not known or cannot be esablished, an approximate date followed by a question mark? When discussing matters ofA general guide to Harvard referencing style.
This is a general guide to the Harvard referencing style. Please check the referencing guide provided by your School, or Unit Assessor, to ensure compliance with the marking rubric for your assessments. Harvard is a style of referencing, primarily used by university students, to cite information sources.
Two types of citations are included: In-text citations are used when directly quoting or paraphrasing a source. They are located in the body of the work and contain a fragment of the full citation.
This guide introduces you to the Harvard referencing style, which uses an ‘author-date’ approach.
If your lecturer or department does not ask you to use any particular style. Harvard Referencing Guide University of Adelaide Library and Writing Centre, 23 April 3 Book with four or more authors In the in-text citation, list only the first author, then et al.
Harvard Referencing Guide Unlike many referencing styles, there is no source document for a Harvard Guide. This guide is based on Commonwealth of Australia , Style Manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, rev.
by Snooks & Co, John Wiley & Sons, Australia, Milton; and a wide range of online Harvard Guides were also consulted. initiativeblog.com [email protected] 3 The Harvard system of referencing This is a guide to the Harvard system but you should always check your course handbook.