Uttaro in the province of Caserta has one of the most dense concentrations of landfills in the region.
Consumer recycling[ edit ] Consumer recycling options consists of see below sale, donating computers directly to organizations in need, sending devices directly back to their original manufacturers, or getting components to a convenient recycler or refurbisher.
Computer parts, for example, are stripped of their most valuable components and sold for scrap.
Metals like copperaluminiumleadgold and palladium are recovered from computers, televisions and more. If broken, they may be disassembled for parts still having high value if labour is cheap enough. An eddy current ejects non-ferrous metals, which are sorted by density either by a centrifuge or vibrating plates.
Precious metals can be dissolved in acid, sorted, and smelted into ingots. The remaining glass and plastic fractions are separated by density and sold to re-processors.
TVs and monitors must be manually disassembled to remove either toxic lead in CRTs or the mercury in flat screens. In the UK, some recycling companies use a specialized WEEE-registered contractor to dispose IT equipment and electrical appliances, who disposes it safely and legally.
In America, companies are liable for compliance with regulations even if the recycling process is outsourced under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
Companies can mitigate these risks by requiring waivers of liability, audit trails, certificates of data destruction, signed confidentiality agreements, and random audits of information security.
The National Association of Information Destruction is an international trade association for data destruction providers. Most major computer manufacturers offer some form of recycling.
Hewlett-Packard also offers free recycling, but only one of its "national" recycling programs is available nationally, rather than in one or two specific states.
Dell Computers and Apple Inc.
Both refurbish and resell their own computers with a one-year warranty. Building a market for recycling of desktop computers has proven more difficult than exchange programs for laptops, smartphones and other smaller electronics. Families also impacted by disaster suffer as well due to the financial impact of the situation they have incurred.
Many nonprofit organizations, such as InterConnection. The impact can be seen locally and globally, affecting thousands of those in need.
In Canada non profit organizations engaged in computer recycling, such as The Electronic Recycling Association Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal,  Computers for Schools Canada wide,  are very active in collecting and refurbishing computers and laptops to help the non profit and charitable sectors and schools.
Junkyard Computing[ edit ] The term junkyard computing is a colloquial expression for using old or inferior hardware to fulfill computational tasks while handling reliability and availability on software level. It utilizes abstraction of computational resources via software, allowing hardware replacement at very low effort.
Ease of replacement is hereby a corner point since hardware failures are expected at any time due to the condition of the underlying infrastructure.
This paradigm became more widely used with the introduction of cluster orchestration software like Kubernetes or Apache Mesossince large monolithic applications require reliability and availability on machine level whereas this kind of software is fault tolerant by design. Those orchestration tools also introduced fairly fast set-up processes allowing to use junkyard computing economically and even making this pattern applicable in the first place.
Further use cases were introduced when continuous delivery was getting more widely accepted. Infrastructure to execute tests and static code analysis was needed which requires as much performance as possible while being extremely cost effective.
From an economical and technological perspective, junkyard computing is only practicable for a small amount of users or companies. It already requires a decent amount of physical machines to compensate hardware failures while maintaining the required reliability and availability.Taking a bite out of food waste in Edmonton.
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