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Pre-European contact[ edit ] Jacques Cartier at Hochelaga. Arriving inCartier was the first European to visit the area. Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4, years ago. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages.
This is believed to be due to outmigration, epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. French authorities surrender the city of Montreal to the British after the Articles of Capitulation was signed in Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuvethen 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury.
The colonists left France in for Quebec, and arrived on the island the following year. On May 17,Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal island, with Maisonneuve as its first governor.
The settlement included a chapel and a hospital, under the command of Jeanne Mance. In the spring ofthe Iroquois attacks became so frequent and so violent that Ville Marie thought its end had come. Maisonneuve made all the settlers take refuge in the fort. By the colony at Montreal had been so reduced that he was forced to return to France to raise volunteers to go with him to the colony the following year.
If the effort had failed, Montreal was to be abandoned and the survivors re-located downriver to Quebec City. Before these arrived in the fall ofthe population of Montreal was barely 50 people.
By Ville Marie was home to some colonists, most of them living in modest wooden houses. Ville Marie became a centre for the fur trade and a base for further exploration. To encourage French settlement, they wanted the Mohawk to move away from the fur trading post at Ville Marie.
They had a mission village, known as Kahnewakesouth of the St Lawrence River. The fathers persuaded some Mohawk to make a new settlement at their former hunting grounds north of the Ottawa River.
All three are now Mohawk reserves in Canada. It bypassed the rapids west of the city, linking Montreal with other continental markets. Montreal was incorporated as a city in Byit was the largest municipality in British North America and the undisputed economic and cultural centre of Canada.
A majority of the drinking water was still coming from the city's harbor, which was busy and heavily trafficked leading to the deterioration of the water within. In the mid s the City of Montreal installed a water system that would pump water from the St.
Lawrence and into cisterns. The cisterns would then be transported to the desired location. This was not the first water system of its type in Montreal as there had been one in private ownership since In the middle of the 19th century water distribution was carried out by "fontainiers".
The fountainiers would open and close water valves outside of buildings, as directed, all over the city. As they lacked modern plumbing systems it was impossible to connect all buildings at once and it also acted as a conservation method.Nov 06, · Yoshua Bengio is one of the pioneers of the field of artificial intelligence.
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Canadian literature, the body of written works produced by initiativeblog.comting the country’s dual origin and its official bilingualism, the literature of Canada can be split into two major divisions: English and French.
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